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مذكرة انجليزي ثاني عشر ف2 #أ. عبدالله بن عباس 2021 2022

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تاريخ الإضافة 2022-05-05, 13:14 مساء
مذكرة انجليزي ثاني عشر ف2 #أ. عبدالله بن عباس 2021 2022

مذكرة انجليزي ثاني عشر ف2 #أ. عبدالله بن عباس 2021 2022

GRADE: 12 - MODULE 3: LIFESTYLES

UNIT 7: Long lives

VOCABULARY

TranslationMeaningP.SExpression
 

of or relating to the heart and blood vessels

a person who is one hundred or more years old

the expression of opinions or explanations about an event or situation

to ride a bicycle

(of a person) old or aging

a strong belief that something will happen or be the case in the future

of or relating to old people, esp. with regard to their health care

to treat someone with special respect

essential or fundamental

(of a task, duty, or responsibility) involving an amount of effort and difficulty that is oppressively burdensome

bending and moving easily and gracefully; flexible

(of a person) strong, healthy, and full of energy

adj

n

n

v

adj

v

adj

adj

adj

adj

cardiovascular

centenarian

commentary

cycle

elderly

expectation

geriatric

honour

integral

onerous

supple

vigorous

EXERCISES

A. From a, b, c and d, choose the word that best completes each sentence below:

1. My grandmother is suffering from a .............................. disease.

a. cardiovascular

 b. supple

 c. elderly

 d. vigorous
2. …………Practicing sport everyday makes your body healthy and 

a. integral

 b. geriatric

 c. vigorous 

d. elderly

3. The engine is a / an .............................. part of any motorized vehicle.

a. supple

b. cardiovascular

 c. elderly

 d. integral

B. Fill in the spaces with the most suitable words from the list below

(expectation - honour - onerous - centenarian - geriatric - cycle)

4. Workers often complain that their jobs are ..................... and their salaries are low.

5. My ............................. that my team would win the match proved to be true.

6. It’s extremely beneficial to ...................... every morning for few kilometers.

7. As a ..........................., my grandfather thinks that the world has changed radically.

8. Better efforts must be done by scientists to fight many ......................... diseases.

SET BOOK QUESTIONS

Answer the following questions

1.  ? What should people do to live long

............................................................................................................................................................

2.  ? What physical activities can a person do to stay active

............................................................................................................................................................

3.  ? What mental activities can a person do to stay active

............................................................................................................................................................
 

4. ?  Why is it rare to find geriatric homes in Kuwait and the Arab world

............................................................................................................................................................

GRADE: 12 - MODULE 3: LIFESTYLES

UNIT 7: Long lives

VOCABULARY

TranslationMeaningP.SExpression
 

something that continues for a long time and cannot be easily solved

dispossess of , rob of

tired and almost asleep

chemical structure that defines individuality

peaceful and quite, making you feel relaxed

not deep

adj

ph.v

adj

n

adj

adj

chronic

deprived of

drowsy

genetic make-up

restful

shallow

EXERCISES

A. Fill in the spaces with the most suitable words from the list below

(restful - genetic make-up - chronic - deprived of - drowsy - shallow)

1. You can't function properly when you're ............................... sleep.

2. Students who feel ................ in class are those who didn’t sleep well the night before.

3. ………….I like to sit on this sofa because it is very comfortable and 

4. He visits the doctor regularly because he suffers from a ..................... disease.

5. On the beach, little children should swim in the ..................... water.

SET BOOK QUESTIONS

Answer the following questions
1.  ? How important is sleep for the body
.....................................................................................................................................

2.  ? What benefits do people get from sleep
.....................................................................................................................................

3.  ? What are the consequences of sleep deprivation

.....................................................................................................................................

GRADE: 12 - MODULE 3: LIFESTYLES

UNIT 7: Long lives

VOCABULARY

TranslationMeaningP.SExpression
 

a severe snowstorm with high winds and low visibility

to keep from sight; to hide

a disagreement, argument, or debate

to get rid of

to fasten: to tie

to not have something and manage in spite

a reason or explanation put forward to defend or justify a fault or offence

on many occasions with little time between them

regardless of

to invent (a story)

to take the place of something lost or missing

the area near or surrounding a particular place

n

v

n

ph.v

ph.v

ph.v

n

adv

prep

ph.v

ph.v

n

blizzard

conceal

dispute

do away with

do up

do without

excuse

frequently

in spite of

make up

make up for

vicinity

EXERCISES

A. From a, b, c and d, choose the word that best completes each sentence below

1. Young children are usually unable to ..................... the laces of their shoes

a. make up

 b. do up

 c. make up for 

d. do away with

2. Doctors often advise their aging patients to ....................... sugar and salt

a. do without

 b. make up for

 c. do up

 d. make up

3. He is hurrying on to ................................ lost time

a. do up

 b. do away with

 c. do without

 d. make up for

4. There is a serious ....................... between the manager and one of the workers

a. blizzard

 b. vicinity

 c. excuse

 d. dispute

5. A sudden ............................... may pose many problems to mountaineers

a. vicinity

 b. dispute

 c. blizzard

 d. excuse

B. Fill in the spaces with the most suitable words from the list below

(blizzard - make up - in spite of - conceal - vicinity - do away with)

6. A new road is being constructed in the .......................... of our school

7. Your room is messy; you must ........................... many unnecessary things

8. the great efforts they had made, they couldn’t win the match..........................

9. Two mountain climbers got lost during a ........................ in the Alps yesterday

10. The defendant tried to ........................ some documents that could condemn him

GRAMMAR

Direct and Reported Questions / Statements

A. Reporting Statements

Study the examples in the following table

Reported StatementDirect Statement
He said that he lived in that house.I live in this house.” he said.
He said that he had bought a new car the day before,“I bought a new car yesterday.” he said.
My friend said that he would be fine.“I will be fine.” my friend said.
My brother said that he was watching a film.I am watching a film.” my brother said.

B. Reporting Questions

Study the examples in the following table

Reported QuestionDirect Question
My friend asked me where I had been.Where have you been?” my friend said.
My friend wanted to know if I had called him.Did you call me?” my friend said.
My brother asked me when the match started.When does the match start?” my brother said.
My mother asked me whether I was hungry.Are you hungry?” my mother said.
My teacher asked me what I had written.What did you write?” my teacher said.
My teacher asked me why I was late.Why are you late?” my teacher said.

EXERCISE

From a, b, and c, choose the correct answer as required

1. My friend told me that he (buy) a new mobile the day before. (Correct the verb)

a. My friend told me that he will buy a new mobile the day before.

b. My friend told me that he had bought a new mobile the day before.

c. My friend told me that he is buying a new mobile the day before.

2. “My uncle will start a business project next week,” said my friend. (Report)

a. My friend said that their uncle will start a business project next week.

b. My friend said that him uncle will start a business project the following week.

c. My friend said that his uncle would start a business project the following week.

3. “Have you ever visited a museum before?” my friend said. (Report)

a. My friend asked me whether I had visited a museum before.

b. My friend asked me what I had visited a museum before.

c. My friend asked me when I had visited a museum before.

4. “Where did you have your lunch?” my mother said. (Report)

a. My mother asked me where I had my lunch.

b. My mother asked me where I had had my lunch.

c. My mother asked me where I am having my lunch.

GRADE: 12 - MODULE 3: LIFESTYLES

UNIT 7: Long lives

VOCABULARY

TranslationMeaningP.SExpression
 

respect and warm approval

a gentle feeling of fondness or liking

an illness, typically a minor one

confer or present (an honour, right, or gift)

to do something or have or show qualities worthy of (reward or punishment)

expected at or planned for at a certain time

causing death

the average period that a person may expect to live

deep respect for someone or something

n

n

n

v

v

adj

adj

n

n

admiration

affection

ailment

bestow

deserve

due

fatal

life expectancy

reverence

EXERCISES

A. From a, b, c and d, choose the word that best completes each sentence below

1. Doctors say that headache is a / an ........................ that can be cured easily.

a. affection

b. life expectancy

c. reverence 

d. ailment

2. Due to the improvement in the domain of science, .......................... will increase

a. life expectancy

 b. ailment

 c. admiration

 d. reverence

B. Fill in the spaces with the most suitable words from the list below

(admiration - due - ailment - deserve - life expectancy - fatal)

3.  has increased remarkably in Kuwait thanks to many factors............................

4. Some diseases are extremely ................... if they not cured during their early stages.

5. ...........................My friend said that he had been absent because of a / an

6. Old people .............................. our respect, reverence and care.

7. Celebrities often receive much appreciation and .......................... from their fans.

SET BOOK

Answer the following questions

1- ? How can you explain the increase of life expectancy in Kuwait

.........................................................................................................................

2. ?  How can we help the elderly

........................................................................................................................
 

WRITING AN ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY

Many people think that there is no connection between age and lifestyle, whereas many others believe that lifestyle can decide how long people can live. 

Plan and write an essay of not less than fourteen sentences (14 sentences) in which you present the two opinions, their arguments and you express your own opinion.

OUTLINE

.................................................................................... : Introduction


.................................................................................... : Body 1

.................................................................................... : Body 2

.................................................................................... : Conclusion

Writing

........................................................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................................................

GRADE 12 – MODULE 3 – UNIT 7

SUMMARY MAKING (1)

Walking can offer many health benefits to people of all ages and improve their fitness levels. It may also help prevent certain diseases and even prolong your life. In fact, this sport is easy to fit into your daily schedule and all you need to start walking is a sturdy pair of walking shoes. Walking can help you burn calories, which can help you lose weight. Your actual calorie burn will depend on several factors, including: walking speed, distance covered, and weight. Walking increases oxygen flow through the body and can help your mental health. Many studies have shown that walking can help reduce anxiety, depression, and a negative mood. It can also boost self-esteem and reduce symptoms of social withdrawal.
 : Write a four-sentence summary paragraph in response to the following question

?  What are the advantages of walking

........................................................................................................................................................................

TRANSLATION

(UNIT 7)

Translate the following sentences into good English

1- إن أحد أفضل الاساليب لضمان عمر أطول هو بقائنا ناشطين جسديا و ذهنيا (56: page/SB )

........................................................................................................................................................................

2- يعلم الإسلام الابناء ان يوقروا آبائهم و أن يظهروا لهم العطف في كبر سنهم (57: page/SB )

........................................................................................................................................................................

3- يعتمد العديد من كبار السن على عائلاتهم و أصدقائهم لمساعدتهم (60: page/SB )

........................................................................................................................................................................

GRADE 12 - MODULE 3: Lifestyles *** UNIT 7: Long Lives

TranslationMeaningP.SExpressionL

 

ذو علاقة بالقلب و الشرايين

معمر / عمره مئة سنة أو أكثر 

تعليق 

يركب دراجة 

مسن / كبير في السن 

توقع 

ذو علاقة بكبار السن 

يوقر / يبجل

اساسي

شاق / مرهق

مرن

قوي / نشيط

of or relating to the heart and blood vessels

a person who is one hundred or more years old

the expression of opinions or explanations about an event or situation

to ride a bicycle

(of a person) old or aging

a strong belief that something will happen or be the case in the future

of or relating to old people, esp. with regard to their health care

to treat someone with special respect

essential or fundamental

(of a task, duty, or responsibility) involving an amount of effort and difficulty that is oppressively burdensome

bending and moving easily and gracefully; flexible

(of a person) strong, healthy, and full of energy

adj

n

n

v

adj

n

adj

v

adj

adj

adj

adj

 

cardiovascular

centenarian

commentary

cycle

elderly

expectation

geriatric

honour

integral

onerous

supple

vigorous

1
&
2

مزمن 

يحرم من 

نعسان 

التركيبة الجينية لكل فرد

مرتاح / مريح

سطحي / ليس بعميق

something that continues for a long time and cannot be easily solved

dispossess of , rob of

tired and almost asleep

chemical structure that defines individuality

peaceful and quite, making you feel relaxed

not deep

 

adj

ph.v

adj

n

adj

adj

 

chronic

deprived of

drowsy

genetic make-up

restful

shallow

3

عاصفة ثلجية قوية

يخفي / يخبأ 

جدال / نقاش حاد

يتخلص من 

يشد / يحكم

ينجز .. مستغنيا عن 

عذر / سبب / ذريعة 

مرارا / تكرارا 

على الرغم من 

يختلق قصة

يعوض عما فات 

قرب / مقربة / جوار

a severe snowstorm with high winds and low visibility

to keep from sight; to hide

a disagreement, argument, or debate

to get rid of

to fasten: to tie

to not have something and manage in spite

a reason or explanation put forward to defend or justify a fault or offence

on many occasions with little time between them

regardless of

to invent (a story)

to take the place of something lost or missing

the area near or surrounding a particular place

n

v

n

ph.v

ph.v

ph.v

n

adv

prep

ph.v

ph.v

n

blizzard

conceal

dispute

do away with

do up

do without

excuse

frequently

in spite of

make up

make up for

vicinity

4
&
5

إعجاب / استحسان 

حنان 

مرض خفيف 

يهب / يمنح 

يستحق

موعود / متوقع 

مميت / قاتل

معدل الحياة 

تقدير / تبجيل 

respect and warm approval

a gentle feeling of fondness or liking

an illness, typically a minor one

confer or present (an honour, right, or gift)

to do something or have or show qualities worthy of (reward or punishment)

expected at or planned for at a certain time

causing death

the average period that a person may expect to live

deep respect for someone or something

n

n

n

v

v

adj

adj

n

n

admiration

affection

ailment

bestow

deserve

due

fatal

life expectancy

reverence

7
&
8

GRADE: 12 - MODULE 3: LIFESTYLES

UNIT 8: Town and Country

VOCABULARY

TranslationMeaningP.SExpression
 

the tree that produces a flat pale nut with brown skin that tastes sweet

the process of reducing the number of people in an area

abandoned, neglected

the selling and sending out of goods or services to other countries

divided into different levels

the basic physical and organisational structures and facilities (e.g
buildings, roads, and power supplies) needed for the operation of a society or enterprise

the process of filling an area beyond what is usual or comfortable

a service that is run for the benefit of the general public, for example, the
utilities, the emergency services, and public transportation

to make (something) the opposite of what it was

in, relating to, or characteristic of the countryside rather than the town

relating to or concerned with the interaction of social and economic factors

the state of being jobless

(of premises) having no fixtures, furniture, or inhabitants; empty

with the main items in the preceding statement the other way around

n

n

adj

n

adj

n

n

n

n

adj

n

adj

adv

almond

depopulation

deserted

export

graduated

infrastructure

overcrowding

public services

reverse

rural

socioeconomic

unemployment

vacant

vice versa

EXERCISES

A. From a, b, c and d, choose the word that best completes each sentence below

1. Most farmers in my region believe that planting ................. trees is very profitable

a. almond

 b. unemployment

 c. export

 d. depopulation

2. The ............................ in many cities pushes people to move to the countryside

a. export

 b. overcrowding

 c. public services

 d. infrastructure

3. There have been many ......................... seats on board the plane during the trip

a. graduated

 b. deserted

 c. vacant

 d. socioeconomic

B. Fill in the spaces with the most suitable words from the list below

(reverse - rural - depopulation - graduated - vice versa - export)

4. Agriculture is the most dominant economic activity in some ................... areas

5. ........................ Husbands should respect their wives and

6. The new player managed to ..................... the result and brought victory to his team

7.  was the best solution used by the government to solve the problem  of overcrowding in many cities. ........................
8. The ........................ of oil and other chemical products brings many profits to some countries.

SET BOOK

Answer the following questions

1.  ? Why do many people move from cities to live in the countryside
............................................................................................................................................................

2. ?  What are the advantages of living in a big city
............................................................................................................................................................

LANGUAGE FUNCTIONS

Write what you would say in the following situations

1. A friend of yours says that people living in the countryside should move to cities.

...................................................................................................

2. Your father intends to launch a big business project in the countryside.

...................................................................................................

3. Your brother says that city life is more exciting than country life.

...................................................................................................

GRADE: 12 - MODULE 3: LIFESTYLES

UNIT 8: Town and Country

VOCABULARY

TranslationMeaningP.SExpression
 

the state of being happy and satisfied

the best or most valuable thing that a person or place has

the point at which one area of work, responsibility etc. ends and another begins

the shape made by hills or buildings against the sky

the same number of people occupying a village but in one tall building

n

n

n

n

exp

contentment

crown jewel

demarcation

skyline

vertical village

EXERCISE

From a, b, c and d, choose the word that best completes each sentence below

1. The public services in this city bring people’s ........................... and satisfaction

a. demarcation

 b. skyline

 c. contentment

 d. crown jewel

2. The fascinating ................ of New York at sunset attracts many photographers

a. skyline

b. crown jewel

c. demarcation

 d. contentment

3. Many tourists consider the Eiffel Tower as the .......................... of Paris.

a. contentment

 b. demarcation

 c. skyline

 d. crown jewel

SET BOOK

Answer the following questions

1. Building new cities can solve many problems. Explain.

............................................................................................................................................................
 

2. ?  What are the advantages of vertical buildings in cities

............................................................................................................................................................
 

3. ?  What are the characteristics of a good city

............................................................................................................................................................
 

GRADE: 12 - MODULE 3: LIFESTYLES

UNIT 8: Town and Country

VOCABULARY

TranslationMeaningP.SExpression
 

shocked or greatly surprised

to meet by chance

closely compacted in substance

the interruption of a settled and peaceful condition

feeling or showing shame

over a large area

an attractive and exciting quality

centre of activity

activity, liveliness

densely populated city

give a spoken or written account of

bits and pieces

make an effort to do something that frightens one

calm, free from disturbance

adj

ph.v

adv

n

adj

idiom

n

n

idiom

n

v

idiom

exp

adj

astounded

bump into

densely

disturbance

embarrassed

far and wide

glamour

hub

hustle and bustle

metropolis

narrate

odds and ends

pluck up the courage

tranquil

EXERCISE

Fill in the spaces with the most suitable words from the list below

(narrates - tranquil - hub - hustle and bustle - glamour - densely)

1. Country houses are usually ........................ and surrounded by beautiful sceneries.

2. Old people often complain that they can’t stand the ............................. of the city.

3. Many cities in India are .......................... populated and extremely crowded.

4. China has become a remarkable world ...................... for industrial production.

5. My kids like to listen to the stories that their grandfather .................... very often.

GRAMMAR

Study the following sentences and tell what you notice

1. Hardly had I turned off my phone when I received a message from a friend

2. Rarely does our teacher come late

3. Seldom does my friend visit me at home

4. Little did I expect to meet my friend at the museum

5. No sooner had the thief left the house than the police arrived

6. Never had they heard that story before

7. Scarcely do I go to the zoo with my family

The inversion is usually used at the beginning of the sentence to emphasise what we are saying. It is achieved by putting the auxiliary verb before the subject of the sentence.

Normal sentence: I had never travelled to Japan before.

Inverted sentence: Never had I travelled to Japan before.

EXERCISE

From a, b, and c, choose the correct answer as required

1. My friend rarely travels abroad. (Rewrite starting with “Rarely”)

a. Rarely my friend travels abroad.

b. Rarely did my friend travel abroad.

c. Rarely does my friend travel abroad.

2. I little expected to find this valuable book. (Rewrite starting with “Little”)

a. Little did I expect to find this valuable book.

b. Little I have expected to find this valuable book.

c. Little had I expected to find this valuable book.

3. Never has my brother (take) ........... a driving test before. (Correct the verb)

a. Never has my brother takes a driving test before.

b. Never has my brother took a driving test before.

c. Never has my brother taken a driving test before.

4. Seldom (be) ................ tourists seen in this region. (Correct the verb)

a. Seldom was tourists seen in this region.

b. Seldom are tourists seen in this region.

c. Seldom is tourists seen in this region.

5. I scarcely eat in Indian restaurants. (Rewrite starting with “Scarcely”)

a. Scarcely have I eaten in Indian restaurants.

b. Scarcely I eat in Indian restaurants.

c. Scarcely do I eat in Indian restaurants.

6. Rarely (do) ............... Ahmad participate in class activities. (Correct the verb)

a. Rarely does Ahmad participate in class activities.

b. Rarely do Ahmad participate in class activities.

c. Rarely doing Ahmad participates in class activities.

7. I left my office. It started raining. (Join with “No sooner ... than”)

a. No sooner I left my office than it started raining.

b. No sooner had I left my office than it started raining.

c. No sooner have I left my office than it started raining.

8. Hardly had I stopped my car when someone (call) ............. me. (Correct the verb)

a. Hardly had I stopped my car when someone is calling me.

b. Hardly had I stopped my car when someone has called me.

c. Hardly had I stopped my car when someone called me.

GRADE: 12 - MODULE 3: LIFESTYLES

UNIT 8: Town and Country

VOCABULARY

TranslationMeaningP.SExpression
 

a condition or circumstance that puts one in a favourable or superior position

having or characterized by much foliage because of an abundance of trees or bushes

change something in your possession so that you reflect your personality and character

resembling a palace in being spacious and splendid

visually attractive, esp. in a quaint or pretty style

parking space reserved specifically for residents of a particular area

adj

adj

exp

adj

adj

n

advantageous

leafy

make it your own

palatial

picturesque

residents’ parking

EXERCISE

Fill in the spaces with the most suitable words from the list below

(leafy - advantageous - resident’s parking - palatial - make it your own)

1. I like my friend’s beautiful house with its ............................. garden.

2............................. You can buy a new house and modify it and 

3. This .............................. villa was sold at a very high price.

4. Learning foreign languages is very .............................. for any person.

SET BOOK QUESTIONS

Answer the following questions

1.  ? What are the qualities of a good house

............................................................................................................................................................

2.  ? How do you explain people’s tendency to move from the city to the country

............................................................................................................................................................

3.  ? What are the advantages of living in the city

............................................................................................................................................................

WRITING AN ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY

Many people believe that living in the city is better than living in the countryside, whereas many others have an

opposite opinion. Plan and write an 

essay of not less than fourteen sentences (14 sentences) in which you present the two opinions, their arguments and you express your own opinion.

OUTLINE

.................................................................................... : Introduction


.................................................................................... : Body 1

.................................................................................... : Body 2

.................................................................................... : Conclusion

GRADE 12 – MODULE 3 – UNIT 8

SUMMARY MAKING (2)

Stress is one of the most common causes of health problems in modern life. Too much stress results in physical, emotional, and mental health problems. It can increase the pulse rate and cause high blood pressure. It can also affect the respiratory system and lead to asthma. Moreover, it can cause a person to breathe too fast, resulting in a loss of important carbon dioxide. Stress can equally cause stomach aches and digestive problems. Besides, it can lead to some serious mental illnesses like depression and extreme feeling of sadness. Furthermore, it can make
people angry, moody, or nervous. These are only a few examples of the wide range of illnesses resulting from stress.
Write a four-sentence summary paragraph in response to the following question

 What are the negative effects of stress
................................................................................................................................................................................................

TRANSLATION (UNIT 8)

Translate the following sentences into good English

1- ينتقل العديد من الاثرياء للعيش في الريف هربا من إزدحام و تلوث المدينة  (63: page/SB )

1-................................................................................................................................................................................................

2- تعاني العديد من المناطق من تأثيرات التفريغ السكاني و البنية التحتية السيئة (63: page/SB )

2-................................................................................................................................................................................................

3- عندما أصبحت الزراعة أقل ربحية و تنامت البطالة بدأ السكان بالإنتقال للمدن بحثا عن العمل (63: page/SB )

3-................................................................................................................................................................................................

GRADE 12 *** MODULE 3: Lifestyles *** UNIT 8: Town and Country

TranslationMeaningP.SExpressionL

شجرة اللوز 

عملية تفريغ منطقة من سكانها

مهجور

التصدير

متدرج

ملئ منطقة بالسكان

الخدمات الاجتماعية

يعكس

ريفي

متعلق بتفاعل العوامل الاقتصادية و الاجتماعية 

البطالة

شاغر

بالعكس

the tree that produces a flat pale nut with brown skin that tastes sweet

the process of reducing the number of people in an area

abandoned, neglected

the selling and sending out of goods or services to other countries

divided into different levels

the basic physical and organisational structures and facilities (e.g
buildings, roads, and power supplies) needed for the operation of a society or enterprise

the process of filling an area beyond what is usual or comfortable

a service that is run for the benefit of the general public, for example, the
utilities, the emergency services, and public transportation

to make (something) the opposite of what it was

in, relating to, or characteristic of the countryside rather than the town

relating to or concerned with the interaction of social and economic factors

the state of being jobless

(of premises) having no fixtures, furniture, or inhabitants; empty

with the main items in the preceding statement the other way around

n

n

adj

n

adj

n

n

n

n

adj

n

adj

adv

almond

depopulation

deserted

export

graduated

infrastructure

overcrowding

public services

reverse

rural

socioeconomic

unemployment

vacant

vice versa

1
&
2

الرضاء / القناعة

جوهرة التاج

الحد الذي تنتهي عنده منطقة أشغال أو مسؤولية

شكل المباني مع الأفق

نفس عدد سكان قرية لكن في بناية عمودية واحدة

the state of being happy and satisfied

the best or most valuable thing that a person or place has

the point at which one area of work, responsibility etc. ends and another begins

the shape made by hills or buildings against the sky

the same number of people occupying a village but in one tall building

n

n

n

n

exp

contentment

crown jewel

demarcation

skyline

vertical village

3

مندهش / مذهول

قابل صدفة

بكثافة

إزعاج / مضايقة 

محرج

على نطاق واسع

رونق / جمال 

محور / مركز

النشاط و الحيوية

مدينة عظمى

يحكي / يروي قصة

الاجزاء الصغيرة المتنوعة 

استجمع قواه وشجاعته

ساكن / هادئ

shocked or greatly surprised

to meet by chance

closely compacted in substance

the interruption of a settled and peaceful condition

feeling or showing shame

over a large area

an attractive and exciting quality

centre of activity

activity, liveliness

densely populated city

give a spoken or written account of

bits and pieces

make an effort to do something that frightens one

calm, free from disturbance

adj

ph.v

adv

n

adj

idiom

n

n

idiom

n

v

idiom

exp

adj

astounded

bump into

densely

disturbance

embarrassed

far and wide

glamour

hub

hustle and bustle

metropolis

narrate

odds and ends

pluck up the courage

tranquil

4
&
5

نافع / مفيد

مورق / كثيف الاوراق

يضفي طابعا شخصيا على

شبية بالقصر ( في شساعته )

( منظر ) بديع / خلاب

موقف سيارات خاص بسكان منطقة معينة

a condition or circumstance that puts one in a position superior favourable or

having or characterized by much foliage     because of an abundance of trees or bushes 

change something in your possession so that you reflect your personality and character

resembling a palace in being spacious and splendid

visually attractive, esp. in a quaint or pretty style

parking space reserved specifically for residents of a particular area

 

adj

adj

exp

adj

adj

n

advantageous

leafy

make it your own

palatial

picturesque

residents’ parking

7
&
8

 

GRADE: 12 - MODULE 3: LIFESTYLES

UNIT 9: New Ways and Old

VOCABULARY

TranslationMeaningP.SExpression
 

having the necessary ability, knowledge, or skill to do something successfully

the practice or skill of preparing and cooking food

made to a particular customer’s order

to repair something that is broken or not working properly

the selling of goods to customers by mail, generally involving selection from a special catalogue

produced in large quantities by an automated mechanical process

being the only one of its kind; unlike anything else

not habitually or commonly occurring or done

a room or building in which goods are manufactured or repaired

adj

n

adj

v

n

adj

adj

adj

n

 

competen

cookery

custom-made

fix

mail order

mass-produced

unique

unusual

workshop

EXERCISE

Fill in the spaces with the most suitable words from the list below

(mass-produced - unusual - workshop - fix - cookery - competent)

1. My mother usually watches ......................... programmes. She is fond of cooking.

2. Mobile phones are ............................ in China and many other countries.

3. My father spends most of his free time in his ...................... making useful objects.

4. I advised my brother not to ......................... his mobile phone by himself.

5. The manager has promised to reward the ......................... workers in the company.

SET BOOK

Answer the following questions

1.  ? Why have many old crafts and jobs disappeared

............................................................................................................................................................

2.?  How has the Internet affected the domain of communication

............................................................................................................................................................

GRADE: 12 - MODULE 3: LIFESTYLES

UNIT 9: New Ways and Old

VOCABULARY

TranslationMeaningP.SExpression

معاصر ، حديث

حرفي

بالتوازي مع ..

منصة

الفخار

يساند ، يدعم

بشكل سلس ولا يظهر الاختلاف

يندمج اجتماعيا

belonging to or occurring in the present

someone who is very skilled at a particular craft

occurring at the same time and having some connection

a raised-level surface on which people or things can stand

clay that has been shaped and baked in order to make pots,dishes

support or actively encourage

smooth and without seams or obvious joins

to mix socially with others

adj

n

exp

n

n

v

adv

v

contemporary

craftsman

in parallel

platform

pottery

promote

seamlessly

socialise

EXERCISE

Fill in the spaces with the most suitable words from the list below

(mass-produced / socialise / workshop / fix / cookery / competent)

1. My mother is fond of ........................... programmes on TV.

2. I advised my friend not to .......................... his mobile phone by himself.

3. Cars are .............................. in many countries and sold in many others.

4. The manager said that Khalid was one of his most .......................... workers.

5. My grandfather spends most of his time in his ........................ repairing broken objects.

SET BOOK QUESTIONS

Answer the following questions

1. How can an old historical building be used again

............................................................................................................................................................

2.  ? What role do museums and monumental building play in society

............................................................................................................................................................

GRADE: 12 - MODULE 3: LIFESTYLES

UNIT 9: New Ways and Old

VOCABULARY

TranslationMeaningP.SExpression
 

something which is inferior

to make the important decision; to direct a project

motionless

evenly matched

to ask someone a question, especially about something important

a game played with cues on a billiard table in which the players use a cue ball (white) to pocket the other balls (fifteen red and six coloured) in a set order

below the usual or required standard

to accept the authority, principles, or policies of a particular group,esp. under pressure

dishonourable

exp

exp

adj

exp

ph.v

n

adj

exp

adj

below par

call the shots

immobile

neck and neck

put to

snooker

substandard

toe the line

ungentlemanly

EXERCISES

A. From a, b, c and d, choose the word that best completes each sentence below

1. ...........................Most critics agree that the director’s last film was 

a. below par

 b. toe the line

 c. neck and neck

 d. call the shots

2. ...........................As they approached the finish line, the two runners were 

a. call the shots

 b. neck and neck

 c. below par

 d. toe the line

3. ...........................The new manager asserted that he was the only one who would

a. toe the line

 b. neck and neck

 c. call the shots

 d. below par

B. Fill in the spaces with the most suitable words from the list below

(ungentlemanly - snooker - toe the line - fix - calls the shots - immobile)

4. The barber told the child to remain ...................... until he finished cutting his hair.

5. Some mechanics find it difficult to ................... electric cars.

6. People who are ............................... don’t usually receive others’ respect.

7. .................In my family, we can suggest ideas, but my father is always the one who 

8. The manager advised the workers to ................. if they didn’t want to lose their jobs.

GRAMMAR

Causative verbs (present / past / future)

The Causative Form is used when we don't do something by ourselves, but we arrange for someone else (usually an expert or a qualified person) to do it for us.

Subject + Have + Object + Past Participle

Simple form : He washed his car yesterday

Causative : He had his car washed yesterday

Verb forms in the Causative Form

 Here are some examples of the causative form in different verb forms

1. Present Simple

Simple form: We paint the house every year.

Causative: We have the house painted every year.
2. Present Continuous

Simple form: Ali is washing his car.

Causative: Ali is having his car washed.

3. Present Perfect Simple

Simple form: The boys have repaired their bicycles.

Causative: The boys have had their bicycles repaired.

4. Past Simple

Simple form: He typed three letters yesterday.

Causative: He had three letters typed yesterday.

5. Future "Will"

Simple form: We will install the lights next week.

Causative: We will have the lights installed next week.

6. Modal verbs

Simple form: You should fix this window.

Causative: You should have this window fixed.

7. Imperative

Simple form: Clean the table, please.

Causative: Have the table cleaned, please.

EXERCISE

A. From a, b, c and d, choose the answer that best completes each sentence below

1. Do you usually cut your hair by yourself ? – No, I always .................. by a barber.

a. have it cut

 b. will have it cut

 c. had it cut 

d. am having it cut

2. Will you build your new house by yourself? – No, I ....................... by a builder.

a. have it built

 b. will have it built

 c. had it built

 d. am having it built

3. Did Ali write this letter by himself? – No, he ............................. by his brother.

a. had it written

 b. is having it written 

c. has it written

 d. he wrote it

4. Did you install the alarm system by yourself? – No, I ................. by an technician.

a. has it installed

 b. will have it installed

 c. had it installed 

d. install it

5. Are you going to fix your lap-top by yourself? – No, I .................... by an expert

a. have fixed it

 b. has it fixed

 c. had it fixed

 d. am going to have it fixed

6. Did you do your homework by yourself? – No, sir. I .................... by my sister

a. will have it done

 b. had it done

 c. have it done

 d. am having it done

GRADE: 12 - MODULE 3: LIFESTYLES

UNIT 9: New Ways and Old

 

EXERCISES

A. From a, b, c and d, choose the word that best completes each sentence below

1............................ Law bills are often discussed in the  

a. minister

 b. parliament

 c. portfolio

 d. doctorate
2............................ I discovered so many facts about my favourite writer in his 

a. biography

 b. bill

 c. parliament 

d. minister
3. The new ......................... has promised to lower the taxes and improve incomes.

a. parliament

 b. minister

 c. doctorate

 d. portfolio

B. Fill in the spaces with the most suitable words from the list below

(whereas - master’s degree - resign - appoint - bill - customarily)
4. ...........................When you finish your academic studies you obtain a 

5. He threatened to ....................... from the company if his salary wasn’t raised.

6. Before it becomes a law, a .................... is presented for discussion in the parliament.

7. Sheep are domestic animals, ....................... tigers are wild.
8.shops offer huge discounts on the National Day............................

SET BOOK

Answer the following questions
1.  ? What kind of information can a biography provide about someone

............................................................................................................................................................

2.. Women play an essential role in society. Explain

............................................................................................................................................................

WRITING AN ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY

Some people believe that technology has made our life much difficult and complicated, whereas many others believe the opposite

. Plan and write an essay of not less than fourteen sentences (14 sentences) in which you present the two different opinions, their arguments and you tell about your own opinion.

OUTLINE

.................................................................................... : Introduction


.................................................................................... : Body 1

.................................................................................... : Body 2

.................................................................................... : Conclusion

Writing

........................................................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................................................

GRADE 12 – MODULE 3 – UNIT 9

SUMMARY MAKING (3)

Getting involved in sports has a lot of benefits. It makes us very fit and able to carry out any sort of physical task efficiently and effortlessly. If we participate in sports activities, we will be stronger and agile. Our skills specified to the sports activity can get enhanced. Our bodies will become very flexible and supple. Being flexible and alert in the sports sense will carry us to higher peaks of success. Participating in the sports activities regularly keeps us very healthy and no disease will be able to come near us. Apart from all these benefits, we will be able to acquire an excellent physique which can be a feast to some and reason of envy to others.

 : Write a four-sentence summary paragraph in response to the following question

?  What are the advantages of practicing sports
...................................................................................................
...................................................................................................

TRANSLATION (UNIT 9)

: Translate the following sentences into good English

1- تقليديا كان الرجال فقط هم من يمثلون الكويتيين في الحكومة  (72: page/SB )

1. ...................................................................................................

2- في أيامنا هذه توجد العديد من النسوة المنتخبات لخدمة بلدهن في مجلس الشعب   (72: page/SB )

2. ...................................................................................................

3- تعتبر معصومة المبارك أول وزيرة كويتية   (72: page/SB )

3. ...................................................................................................

GRADE 12 *** MODULE 3: Lifestyles *** UNIT 9: New Ways and Old

TranslationMeaningP.SExpressionL

كفء - مؤهل

الطبخ

مصنوع حسب رغبات الحريف

يصلح

بيع ( السلع ) عن طريق البريد

مصنوع بكميات كبيرة

فريد - منقع النظير

غير عادي - خارج عن المألوف

ورشة

having the necessary ability, knowledge, or skill to do something successfully

the practice or skill of preparing and cooking food

made to a particular customer’s order

to repair something that is broken or not working properly

the selling of goods to customers by mail, generally involving selection from a special catalogue

produced in large quantities by an automated mechanical process

being the only one of its kind; unlike anything else

not habitually or commonly occurring or done

a room or building in which goods are manufactured or repaired

adj

n

adj

v

n

adj

adj

adj

n

competent

cookery

custom-made

fix

mail order

mass-produced

unique

unusual

workshop

1
&
2

معاصر ، حديث

حرفي

بالتوازي مع ..

منصة

الفخار

يساند ، يدعم

بشكل سلس ولا يظهر الاختلاف

يندمج اجتماعيا

belonging to or occurring in the present

someone who is very skilled at a particular craft

occurring at the same time and having some connection

a raised-level surface on which people or things can stand

clay that has been shaped and baked in order to make pots,dishes

support or actively encourage

smooth and without seams or obvious joins

to mix socially with others

adj

n

exp

n

n

v

adv

v

contemporary

craftsman

in parallel

platform

pottery

promote

seamlessly

socialise

3

ماهو دون…

يتخذ قرارا مهما

ثابت - غير متحرك

متساو تماما مع …

يطرح سؤالا 

لعبة شبيهة بلعبة البليارد

أقل من المستوى

يخضع - يمتثل لأوامر

غير مشرف - محر - مشين

 

something which is inferior

to make the important decision; to direct a project

motionless

evenly matched

to ask someone a question, especially about something important

a game played with cues on a billiard table in which the players use a cue ball (white) to pocket the other balls (fifteen red and six coloured) in a set order

below the usual or required standard

to accept the authority, principles, or policies of a particular group,esp. under pressure

dishonourable

exp

exp

adj

exp

ph.v

n

adj

exp

adj

below par

call the shots

immobile

neck and neck

put to

snooker

substandard

toe the line

ungentlemanly

4
&
5

يعسن شخصا ما لمنصب

مشروع قانون

سيرة حياة شخص ما 

عادة - في العادة

شهادة جامعية

شهادة الدكتوراه

شهادة الاستاذية - شهادة الليسانس

وزير

مجلس الامة - مجلس الشعب البرلمان

حقيبة وزارية

يستقبل من عمله

في حين أن ( للدلالة على التناقص )

to choose someone for a position or job

written proposal for a new law, which is brought to a parliament sothat it can be discussed

an account of someone’s life written by someone else

usually, habitually

a course of study at a university or college, or the qualification that is given to you when you have successfully completed the course

a course of study at a university or college, or the qualification that is
given to you when you have successfully completed the course

a university degree such as an MA that you can get by studying for one or two years after your first degree

a politician who is in charge of a government department

the group of people who are elected to make a country’s laws anddiscuss important national affairs

the work that a particular government official is responsible for

to officially announce that you have decided to leave your job or an organisation

in contrast or comparison with the fact that

v

n

n

adv

n

n

n

n

n

n

v

conj

appoint

bill

biography

customarily

degree

doctorate

master’s degree

minister

parliament

portfolio

resign

whereas

7
&
8

GRADE: 12 - MODULE 4: ACHIEVEMENTS

UNIT 10: Pushing the Limits

VOCABULARY

TranslationMeaningP.SExpression
 

to climb to the summit of (a mountain or hill)

an effort to surpass a record or conquer a mountain

make (someone) feel unsteady, confused, or amazed

a group of people considered to be the best in a particular society or category, esp. because of their power, talent, or wealth

a state of extreme physical or mental fatigue

reaching a high or the highest degree; very great

injury to body tissues caused by exposure to extreme cold

pick out and emphasise

full of danger or risk

the action or process of rebuilding something after it has been damaged or destroyed

to climb up or over (something high and steep)

the highest point of a hill or mountain

v

n

adj

n

adj

n

v

adj

n

v

n

ascend

attempt

dizzying

elite

exhaustion

extreme

frost-bite

highlight

perilous

reconstruction

scale

summit

EXERCISE: 1

A. Fill in the spaces with the most suitable words from the list below

(dizzying - ascend - summit - highlight - exhaustion - reconstruction)

1. To ..................... a mountain requires a lot of effort, a strong will and determination.

2. The ......................... of this antic vase will take several hours of work.

3. ..........................Among the severe odds that may face a mountaineer is 

4. Lack of oxygen causes a ......................... feeling and a painful headache.

5. In the meeting, the manager will ....................... the problems that affected the company so much.

SET BOOK QUESTIONS

Answer the following questions

1. According to you, why do some people take up extreme sports

......................................................................................................

2.  ? What do extreme sports require

......................................................................................................

3.  ? What safety measures should an extreme-sport enthusiast usually take

......................................................................................................

GRADE: 12 - MODULE 4: ACHIEVEMENTS

UNIT 10: Pushing the Limits

VOCABULARY

TranslationMeaningP.SExpression
 

to climb or move slowly somewhere, using your hands and feet because it is difficult or steep

run or operated especially by human control

to reach a new limit

under water

v

adj

exp

adj

clamber

manned

set a record

submerged

EXERCISE

Fill in the spaces with the correct words from the list below

(clamber - set a record - submerged - manned)

1. It is extremely hard to ....................... in the domain of sport without great efforts.

2. The NASA is planning to send a ......................... space craft to planet Mars.

3. The mountain was very hard to .............................. without equipment and tools.

SET BOOK

Answer the following questions

1. ?  What difficulties may an extreme-sport enthusiast encounter
...................................................................................................

2. ?  How can a sportsman benefit from setting a world record
....................................................................................................

LANGUAGE FUNCTIONS

Write what you would say in the following situations

1. A friend of yours is going to take up one of the extreme sports.

...................................................................................................

2. You try to persuade your parents to let you join a mountaineers’ club.
....................................................................................................

3. Your friend asks you about the benefits of setting a world record.

...................................................................................................

GRADE: 12 - MODULE 4: ACHIEVEMENTS

UNIT 10: Pushing the Limits

VOCABULARY

TranslationMeaningP.SExpression
 

affected in an unpleasant, painful way

on fire; burning

the criminal act of deliberately setting fire to property

severe or strict in manner, attitude, or appearance

to meet or find by chance

to be left with a specified feeling, impression, or resultafter doing something

if a price or the level of something comes down, it becomeslower

to visit you at your house

recover after being unconscious

1 to be mentioned especially in a conversation; 2 to become available especially unexpectedly

feel very happy

tired or exhausted

to travel across or through

unable to see, hear, or otherwise sense what is going on, usually temporarily and often as a result of an accident or injury

able to be perceived or noticed easily

 

adj

adj

n

adj

ph.v

ph.v

ph.v

ph.v

ph.v

adj

adj

v

adj

adj

 

 

afflicted

alight

arson

austere

come across

come away with

come down

come over

come round

come up

exhilarated

fatigued

traverse

unconscious

visible

EXERCISES

A. From a, b, c and d, choose the word that best completes each sentence below

1.  ...........................When we talk about Arabic poetry, many names will certainly

a. come over

 b. come up

 c. come down

 d. come across

2. After watching the film, I ........................ a good impression about it.

a. come down

 b. come over

 c. come across

 d. come away with

3. I usually ........................... many interesting books in book fares.

a. come across

 b. come round

 c. come down

 d. come up

4. I think my grandfather will ......................... within an hour after the operation.

a. come over

 b. come up

 c. come round

 d. come across

5. My cousin said that he would ............................ the following day.

a. come across

 b. come over

 c. come down

 d. come up

B. Fill in the spaces with the correct words from the list below

(afflicted - exhilarated - come over - austere - fatigued - traverse)

6. After the match, the players were ........................ because they had made great efforts.

7.............................. . Their victory in the match made them feel

8. Although the coach is very............................., the players respect him very much.

9. The boy's knee was severely................................ when he fell off his bike.

10. As planes.......................... an air-turbulence zone, they start shaking dangerously.

GRAMMAR

The Past Perfect Simple vs. The Past Perfect Continuous

1. The Past Perfect Simple

- It tells about a completed action in the past before another one.

Example: We had locked all the doors securely before we left the house.

Example: I had saved all my documents before the computer crashed.

2. The Past Perfect Continuous

- It focuses on the length of time that an action took in the past before another one.

Example: Ali had been waiting for two hours before Fahad came.

Example: Hamad was very tired because had been running for 40 minutes.

EXERCISES

A. Choose the correct answer from a, b, c, and d to complete the following sentences

1. Before I graduated from university last June, I (attend) ................. all the lectures

a. is attending

 b. have attended

 c. had been attending

 d. attends

2. We had been watching a football match when my father (come) .............. home

a. will come

 b. has come 

c. had been coming

 d. came

3. The electrician (fix) ................ the alarm system before he fell off the ladder.

a. has fixed

 b. has been fixing 

c. had been fixing

 d. is fixing

4. After I (pack) ............... my bags, I waited for my father to take me to the airport.

a. packed

b. have packed 

c. had packed

 d. had been packing

B. From a, b and c, choose the correct answer as required

5. When I came home, my kids (watch) a cartoon film for 30 minutes. (Correct the verb)

a. When I came home, my kids watched a cartoon film for 30 minutes.

b. When I came home, my kids have been watching a cartoon film for 30 minutes.

c. When I came home, my kids had been watching a cartoon film for 30 minutes.

6. The boxer decided to quit the game. He played for fifteen years. (Join with “before”)

a. Before the boxer decided to quit the game, he had been played for fifteen years.

b. Before the boxer decided to quit the game, he has played for fifteen years.

c. Before the boxer decided to quit the game, he is playing for fifteen years.

7. They signed the agreement. They left the meeting room. (Join with “after”)

a. After they signed the agreement, they will leave the meeting room.

b. After they had signed the agreement, they left the meeting room.

c. After they have been signed the agreement, they left the meeting room.

8. I had installed a new programme before I switched off my computer. (Make passive)

a. A new programme was installed before the computer was switched off.

b. A new programme had installed before the computer was switched off.

c. A new programme had been installed before the computer was switched off.

GRADE: 12 - MODULE 4: ACHIEVEMENTS

UNIT 10: Pushing the Limits

VOCABULARY

TranslationMeaningP.SExpression
 

to help (someone), typically by doing a share of the work

an optical instrument with a lens for each eye, used for viewing distant objects

to deal effectively with something difficult

to feel a powerful desire for (something)

(of a natural force) sweep over (something) so as to surround or cover it completely

involve (something) as a necessary or inevitable part or consequence

an achievement that requires great courage, skill, or strength

extremely tiring and demanding

a person who takes part in the sport or activity of climbing mountains

determined, stubborn

v

n

ph.v

v

v

v

n

adj

n

adj

assist

binoculars

cope with

crave

engulf

entail

feat

gruelling

mountaineer

strong-willed

EXERCISES

A. Fill in the spaces with the most suitable words from the list below

(mountaineers - entail - crave - gruelling - binoculars - assist)

1. You can't imagine how my kids .............................. for candies and sweets.

2. If pollution continues at this pace, it will .................... many ecological disasters.

3. You can't go bird-watching without having ............................. with you.

4. I usually ............................. my grandfather when he does gardening.

5............................ The authorities will organize a campaign to look for a group of 

B. From a, b, c and d, choose the correct words to complete the following sentences

6. Although this job is very difficult, I will try to .............................. it.

a. crave

b. cope with

 c. engulf 

d. entail

7. The fire ............................... all the furniture in the room in a few minutes.

a. engulfed

 b. assisted

 c. entailed

 d. craved

8. Realising one’s dreams ............................ working hard and doing great efforts.

a. engulfs

 b. entails

 c. craves

 d. copes with

9. My brother usually ......................... me when I do my homework.

a. craves 

b. engulfs

 c. assist

s d. entails

SET BOOK

Answer the following questions

1.  ? What do extreme sports require

.....................................................................................................................................

2. ?  What do sportsmen learn from practicing extreme sports

.....................................................................................................................................

WRITING AN ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY

Some people are so keen on extreme sports that they practice them regularly, whereas many others reject them totall.

 Plan and write an essay of not less than fourteen sentences (14 sentences) in which you present the two opinions, their arguments and you express your own opinion.

OUTLINE

.................................................................................... : Introduction


.................................................................................... : Body 1

.................................................................................... : Body 2

.................................................................................... : Conclusion

Writing

........................................................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................................................

GRADE 12 *** MODULE 4: Achievements *** UNIT 10: Pushing the Limits

TranslationMeaningP.SExpressionL

يتسلق

محاولة لتحطيم رقم قياسي 

مسبب للدوار و الغثيان

نخبة

إرهاق - تعب شديد

اقصى

قضمة البرد

يسلط الضوء على ..

محفوف بالمخاطر

إعادة البناء

يتسلق 

القمة

to climb to the summit of (a mountain or hill)

an effort to surpass a record or conquer a mountain

make (someone) feel unsteady, confused, or amazed

a group of people considered to be the best in a particular society or category, esp. because of their power, talent, or wealth

a state of extreme physical or mental fatigue

reaching a high or the highest degree; very great

injury to body tissues caused by exposure to extreme cold

pick out and emphasise

full of danger or risk

the action or process of rebuilding something after it has been damaged or destroyed

to climb up or over (something high and steep)

the highest point of a hill or mountain

v

n

adj

n

adj

n

v

adj

n

v

n

ascend

attempt

dizzying

elite

exhaustion

extreme

frost-bite

highlight

perilous

reconstruction

scale

summit

1
&
2

يتسلق

مأهول

يسجل رقما قياسيا

مغمور بالماء

to climb or move slowly somewhere, using your hands and feet because it is difficult or steep

run or operated especially by human control

to reach a new limit

under water

v

adj

exp

adj

clamber

manned

set a record

submerged

3

متضرر من…

ملتهب / محترق

جريمة حرق ممتلكات الغير عمدا

قاسي / صارم

يلتقي صدفة ب…

يخرج بانطباع

ينخفض

يزور

يستعيد وعية

يذكر في نقاش 2 بظهر فجأة

مبتهج

مرهق / متعب

يعبر / يمر من خلال

فاقد للوعي

ظاهر / مرئي

affected in an unpleasant, painful way

on fire; burning

the criminal act of deliberately setting fire to property

severe or strict in manner, attitude, or appearance

to meet or find by chance

to be left with a specified feeling, impression, or resultafter doing something

if a price or the level of something comes down, it becomeslower

to visit you at your house

recover after being unconscious

1 to be mentioned especially in a conversation; 2 to become available especially unexpectedly

feel very happy

tired or exhausted

to travel across or through

unable to see, hear, or otherwise sense what is going on, usually temporarily and often as a result of an accident or injury

able to be perceived or noticed easily

 

adj

adj

n

adj

ph.v

ph.v

ph.v

ph.v

ph.v

adj

adj

v

adj

adj

 

afflicted

alight

arson

austere

come across

come away with

come down

come over

come round

come up

exhilarated

fatigued

traverse

unconscious

visible

4
&
5

يساعد

منظار مزدوج

يتأقلم مع…

يتلهف على …

يطبق على / يكتسح

يستلزم / يستوجب

عمل فذ  أو بطولي / مفخرة

مضن / مرهق

متسلق

قوي العزيمة/ عنيد

to help (someone), typically by doing a share of the work

an optical instrument with a lens for each eye, used for viewing objects distant

to deal effectively with something difficult

to feel a powerful desire for (something)

(of a natural force) sweep over (something) so as to surround or  completely it cover

involve (something) as a necessary or inevitable part or consequence

an achievement that requires great courage, skill, or strength

extremely tiring and demanding

a person who takes part in the sport or activity of climbing mountains

stubborn, determined.

v

n

ph.v

v

v

v

n

adj

n

adj

assist

binoculars

cope with

crave

engulf

entail

feat

gruelling

mountaineer

willed-strong

7
&
8

GRADE: 12 - MODULE 4: ACHIEVEMENTS

UNIT 11: The Final Frontier

VOCABULARY

TranslationMeaningP.SExpression
 

inspiring disgust and loathing; repugnant

arousing awe through being impressive, formidable, or magnificent

an abstract idea, a general notion

the state of being harmed or damaged

to carry out an order or plan

the extreme limit of understanding or achievement in a particular area

fearless; adventurous

an expedition into space

to fly or move around in a circle

to feel deep respect or admiration for (something)

to go around, turn around, rotate, spin

able to perceive or feel things

the Earth, planets and stars

adj

adj

n

n

v

adj

n

v

v

ph.v

adj

n

abhorrent

awe-inspiring

concept

detriment

execute

frontier

intrepid

mission

orbit

revere

revolve around

sentient

universe

EXERCISES

A. From a, b, c and d, choose the word that best completes each sentence below

1. We have become aware that pollution is a serious ...................... to the environment.

a. concept

 b. universe

 c. detriment 

d. mission

2. Scientists believe that human beings are the only .................... creatures in the world.

a. sentient

 b. abhorrent

 c. intrepid

 d. awe-inspiring

3. A group of well-known astronauts will participate in the ....................... to Mars.

a. concept

 b. mission

 c. detriment

 d. frontier

4. We must ................... the scientists who are working on vaccines against diseases.

a. orbit

 b. revolve around

 c. revere

 d. execute

B. Fill in the spaces with the most suitable words from the list below

(execute - revolves around - universe - intrepid - mission)

5. .......................Scientists reckon that they cannot determine exactly the size of the 

6. The Moon ......................................... the Earth.

7. As an ............................. person, he will continue fighting till the end of the match.

8. In any country, the police must .............................. orders and reinforce laws.

SET BOOK

Answer the following questions

1.? What are the advantages of space exploration

...................................................................................................

2. ? What are the disadvantages of space exploration

...................................................................................................

GRADE: 12 - MODULE 4: ACHIEVEMENTS

UNIT 11: The Final Frontier

VOCABULARY

TranslationMeaningP.SExpression
 

roughly, almost

to send off to a destination or for a purpose

to prevent something from being seen or heard clearly

could be noticed

to examine someone or something very carefully

adv

v

v

adj

v

approximately

dispatch

obscure

perceivable

scrutinise

EXERCISE

Fill in the spaces with the most suitable words from the list below

(dispatch - approximately - obscure - perceivable - scrutinise)

1. In winter, dark clouds usually ......................... the sun.

2. Every day, a group of scientists ........................ hundreds of images of planet Mars.

3. The NASA will ................................ two satellites into space to study the universe.

4. The moon is easily .............................. without telescopes.

SET BOOK

Answer the following questions

1. ? What benefits do people get from studying distant planets

......................................................................................................

2. ?  Why should many countries engage in space exploration

......................................................................................................

3. ? Why is it very difficult to study many distant planets

......................................................................................................

GRADE: 12 - MODULE 4: ACHIEVEMENTS

UNIT 11: The Final Frontier

VOCABULARY

TranslationMeaningP.SExpression
 

of or relating to the branch of science that deals with celestialobjects, space, and the physical universe as a whole

making a certain situation or outcome likely or possible

unusually, remarkably

the state or process of living in a particular place

a naturally occurring object that orbits a planet, e.g. the moon

available or situated on a ship, aircraft, or other vehicle

a set of circumstances that makes it possible to do something

in a manner lacking refinement and precision

the collection of nine planets and their moons in orbit around the sun, together with smaller bodies in the form of asteroids, meteoroids, and comets

impressively splendid

to decrease in vigour, power, or extent; to become weaker

adj

adj

adv

n

n

adj

n

adv

n

adj

v

astronomical

conducive

exceptionally

habitation

natural satellite

on board

opportunity

roughly

solar system

superb

wane

EXERCISE

Fill in the spaces with the most suitable words from the list below

(on board - astronomical - wane - habitation - conducive - exceptionally)

1. Human ........................ of other planets has always been a fantastic dream.

2. In billions of years from now, the Sun will .................... and disappear completely.

3. I believe that ........................ science will continue to progress more and more.

4. Living on planet Mars is a / an ............................ marvelous idea.

5. Seven prominent American astronauts were ........................... Space Shuttle, Challenger, when it exploded on January 28, 1986.

GRAMMAR

A. The Passive with Model Verbs

We use modal verbs (verbs like can, could, shall, should, must, may, might, have to ...) to talk about things like ability, possibility, permission or obligation. And we use the passive voice to focus on the object of an action rather than the doer of the action.

PassiveActive

A car can be driven easily (by Ali).

A new house may be bought (by Hamad).

This computer should be fixed.

This letter must be sent (by you) now.

His car could be sold at a good price.

Your father has to be informed.

The refrigerator might be repaired.

Ali can drive a car easily

Ali can drive a car easily

You should fix this computer

You must send this letter now

He could sell his car at a good price

 You have to inform your father

He might repair the refrigerator.

The passive with modal verbs: Object + modal verb + be + Verb 3 (+ subject)

EXERCISE

1. Governments should stop space exploration very soon. (Make passive)

a. Space exploration should stop very soon.

b. Space exploration should be stopping very soon.

c. Space exploration should be stopped very soon.

2. Scientists can conduct many experiments in space. (Make passive)

a. Many experiments can be conducted in space.

b. Many experiments can have been conducted in space.

c. Many experiments can be conduct in space.

3. The space shuttle must protect astronauts from sunrays. (Make passive)

a. Astronauts must be protected from sunrays by the space shuttle.

b. Astronauts must protect the space shuttle from sunrays.

c. Astronauts must protect sunrays by the space shuttle.

B. either ... or / neither ... nor

1 - Either Khalid or Fahad will get the best mark in the exam.

2 - Neither Nasser nor Kamal came to school today. They are both absent.

3 - I like both travelling and learning foreign languages.

MeaningConjunction
this or that…either ... or 
NOT this .... NOT that…neither ... nor 
this and that…both ... and 

EXERCISE

1. He didn’t answer my call. He didn’t read my message. (Join with “neither ... nor ...)

a. He neither answered my call nor he read my message.

b. Neither he answered my call nor he read my message.

c. He neither answered my call nor read my message.

2. I will study in Canada. I will study in Britain. (Join with “either ... or ...)

a. I will study in Canada either study or in Britain.

b. I will study either in Canada or in Britain.

c. I either will study in Canada or I will study in Britain.

3. I collect stamps. I collect postcards. (Join with “both ... and ...)

a. I collect both stamps and postcards.

b. I collect both stamps and I collect postcards.

c. I both collect stamps and I collect postcards.

GRADE: 12 - MODULE 4: ACHIEVEMENTS

UNIT 11: The Final FVOCABULARY

TranslationMeaningP.SExpression
 

deviating from what is normal or usual, typically in a waythat is undesirable or worrying

to warn (someone) of a danger, threat, or problem,typically with the intention of having it avoided or dealt with

facts and statistics collected together for reference or analysis

consisting of two parts, elements, or aspects

able to withstand wear, pressure, or damage; hard- wearing

giving good value or service in relation to the amount of money, time, or effort spent

the production and discharge of something, esp. gas or radiation

Global Positioning System, an accurate worldwide navigation and surveying facility based on the reception of signals from an array of orbiting satellites

observe and check the progress or quality of (something) over a period of time; keep under systematic review

to change (something) radically or fundamentally

particularly, exclusively

items used in space that improve our lives on earth

fail to appreciate someone or something that is very familiar or obvious

a soft shoe, suitable for sports or casual wear

 

adj

v

n

adj

adj

adj

n

abb

v

v

adv

n

exp

n

 

abnormal

alert

data

dual

durable

economical

emission

GPS

monitor

revolutionise

specifically

spin-off

take for granted

trainers

EXERCISE

Fill in the spaces with the most suitable words from the list below

(abnormal - economical - specifically - trainers - GPS - revolutionise)

1. ........................ are more comfortable for exercising than casual shoes.

2. Thomas Edison hadn’t expected that electricity would ......................... technology.

3. This space suit is ................................. designed to maintain pressure in the space.

4. It is more ............................ to use a bucket, when washing a car than using a hose.

5. There's a /an ............................. sound that comes from the engine of my car.

SET BOOK QUESTIONS

Answer the following questions

1. How has space technology revolutionised people’s lives on Earth ؟ 

......................................................................................................

2. How has Islamic civilization contributed to the domain of space exploration ؟ 

......................................................................................................

WRITING AN ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY

Many people believe that space exploration is very useful and advantageous, whereas many others are convinced that it is a waste of efforts and money. Plan and write an essay of not less than fourteen sentences (14 sentences) in which you present the two different opinions, their arguments and your own opinion concerning this issue.

OUTLINE

.................................................................................... : Introduction


.................................................................................... : Body 1

.................................................................................... : Body 2

.................................................................................... : Conclusion

Writing

........................................................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................................................

GRADE 12

MODULE 4: Achievements *** UNIT 11: The Final Frontier

TranslationMeaningP.SExpressionL

مكروه - يثير الاشمئزاز

يبعث على الرهبة و الهيبة 

مفهوم 

ضرر - إساءة

ينفذ

الحد الاقصى

شجاع - مغامر

بعثة فضائية

يدور حول

يوفر - يبجل

يدور حول

واع - مدرك

الكون

inspiring disgust and loathing; repugnant

arousing awe through being impressive, formidable, or magnificent

an abstract idea, a general notion

the state of being harmed or damaged

to carry out an order or plan

the extreme limit of understanding or achievement in a particular area

fearless; adventurous

an expedition into space

to fly or move around in a circle

to feel deep respect or admiration for (something)

to go around, turn around, rotate, spin

able to perceive or feel things

the Earth, planets and stars

adj

adj

n

n

v

adj

n

v

v

ph.v

adj

n

abhorrent

awe-inspiring

concept

detriment

execute

frontier

intrepid

mission

orbit

revere

revolve around

sentient

universe

1
&
2

تقريبا - حوالي

يبعث ب .. يرسل إلى 

يحجب

يمكن ملاحظته

يفحص بدقة و عناية

roughly, almost

to send off to a destination or for a purpose

to prevent something from being seen or heard clearly

could be noticed

to examine someone or something very carefully

adv

v

v

adj

v

approximately

dispatch

obscure

perceivable

scrutinise

3

فلكي

ممكن

استثنائيا

سكن

قمر - كويكب تابع

على متن

فرصة

تقريبا - على وجه التقريب

النظام الشمسي

رائع - ممتاز - فائق

يضعف

of or relating to the branch of science that deals with celestialobjects, space, and the physical universe as a whole

making a certain situation or outcome likely or possible

unusually, remarkably

the state or process of living in a particular place

a naturally occurring object that orbits a planet, e.g. the moon

available or situated on a ship, aircraft, or other vehicle

a set of circumstances that makes it possible to do something

in a manner lacking refinement and precision

the collection of nine planets and their moons in orbit around the sun, together with smaller bodies in the form of asteroids, meteoroids, and comets

impressively splendid

to decrease in vigour, power, or extent; to become weaker

adj

adj

adv

n

n

adj

n

adv

n

adj

v

astronomical

conducive

exceptionally

habitation

natural satellite

on board

opportunity

roughly

solar system

superb

wane

4
&
5

غير عادي - غير طبيعي

ينذر

المعلومات و الإحصائيات

ثنائي

دائم

اقتصادي

إصدار - انبعاث - إشعاع

نظام الملاحة العالمي GPS

يراقب

يحدث ثورة في ميدان

بالخصوص

المنتجات الفضائية

يسلم ب ..

حذاء رياضي

deviating from what is normal or usual, typically in a waythat is undesirable or worrying

to warn (someone) of a danger, threat, or problem,typically with the intention of having it avoided or dealt with

facts and statistics collected together for reference or analysis

consisting of two parts, elements, or aspects

able to withstand wear, pressure, or damage; hard- wearing

giving good value or service in relation to the amount of money, time, or effort spent

the production and discharge of something, esp. gas or radiation

Global Positioning System, an accurate worldwide navigation and surveying facility based on the reception of signals from an array of orbiting satellites

observe and check the progress or quality of (something) over a period of time; keep under systematic review

to change (something) radically or fundamentally

particularly, exclusively

items used in space that improve our lives on earth

fail to appreciate someone or something that is very familiar or obvious

a soft shoe, suitable for sports or casual wear

adj

v

n

adj

adj

adj

n

abb

v

v

adv

n

exp

n

 

abnormal

alert

data

dual

durable

economical

emission

GPS

monitor

revolutionise

specifically

spin-off

take for granted

trainers

7
&
8

GRADE: 12 - MODULE 4: ACHIEVEMENTS

UNIT 12: Geniuses

VOCABULARY

TranslationMeaningP.SExpression
 

existing in thought or as an idea but not having a physical or concrete existence

randomly, by chance

the assembled spectators or listeners at a public event, such as a play, movie, concert, or meeting

Bachelor of Science

number – 1, 2, 3, etc.

intelligence, cleverness

Master of Science

unusually good

Doctor of Philosophy

of a child having developed certain abilities at an earlier age than usual

a person, esp. a young one, endowed with exceptional qualities or abilities

made, done, happening, or chosen without method or conscious decision

natural ability or skill

to visit several parts of a country or area

a person highly skilled in music or another artistic pursuit

adj

adv

n

abb

n

n

abb

adj

n

adv

n

v

 n

abstract

arbitrarily

audience

BSc.

digit

genius

MSc.

outstanding

PhD

precocious

prodigy

randomly

talent

tour

virtuoso

EXERCISE

B. Fill in the spaces with the most suitable words from the list below

( prodigy - digits - abstract - tour - randomly - MSc.)

1. I wish I could ...................... the world and visit many countries.

2. This child is a true ............................ He can calculate faster than a computer!

3. He got his ......................... from Harvard University last year.

4. The ....................... on this paper are not clear. They were badly printed.

5. Some students were selected ...................................... to go on a school trip.

SET BOOK

Answer the following questions

1. ?  Why do some child geniuses lose their talents when they grow up

........................................................................................................................................

2. Genius can be developed through suitable training. Explain.

........................................................................................................................................

GRADE: 12 - MODULE 4: ACHIEVEMENTS

UNIT 12: Geniuses

VOCABULARY

TranslationMeaningP.SExpression
 

to buy or obtain for oneself

clothes

someone who is directly below another person in rank, and who is officially in charge when that person is not there

of or relating to chemical reaction brought about by electricity

a place, meeting or medium where ideas and views on a particular issue can be exchanged

someone who has won a medal in a competition

a coil or other component that provides reactance in a circuit

the mixture of waste from the human body and used water that is carried away from houses by pipes under the ground

a person or organisation that provides funds for a project or activity carried by another in particular

never having happened before, or never having happened so much

v

n

n

adj

n

n

n

n

adj

acquire

attire

deputy

electrochemical

forum

medalist

reactor

sewage

sponsor

unprecedented

EXERCISE

B. Fill in the spaces with the most suitable words from the list below

(acquire - deputy - forum - unprecedented - attire - reactor)

1. Representatives of many organizations attended the ........................... last week.

2. From their .......................... you can guess their jobs!

3. As the years pass by, you will ............................. a better experience in the domain of computing.

4. The .............................'s signature was enough for the project to start.

5. The nuclear ............................. was severely damaged during the raid.

SET BOOK

Answer the following questions

1.  ? How can family members help a person to be successful in his career

........................................................................................................................................

2.  ? How can governments help young inventors to succeed

........................................................................................................................................

3. Success in one's career depends on some factors. Explain.

........................................................................................................................................

GRADE: 12 - MODULE 4: ACHIEVEMENTS

UNIT 12: Geniuses

VOCABULARY

TranslationMeaningP.SExpression
 

a charge or claim that someone has done something illegal or wrong

to undergo great mental anguish through worrying about something

spending money or using resources in a wasteful way

an extravagant social life as enjoyed by the wealthy

a person who rides in horse races, esp. as a profession

to refuse to accept or be associated with

a fixed time in the year when a particular sport is played

n

v

adv

n

n

v

n

accusation

agonise

extravagantly

high-living

jockey

repudiate

season

EXERCISE

B. Fill in the spaces with the most suitable words from the list below

(agonising - extravagantly - season - repudiate - high-living - jockey)

1. This ............................, Real Madrid will recruit two new players.

2. They were ........................... because of the torture they had gone through.

3. The new .............................. seems to master his horse very well.

4. Our neighbours enjoy a remarkable .............................. . They are very rich.

5............................. Islam teaches us not to spend our money 

GRAMMAR

Relative Clauses and Verbs Ending in (-ing)

- We can add extra information to an existing sentence by adding a relative clause in these two ways

1. Relative clauses: (clauses which begin with a relative pronoun)

Example: He won the first prize when he beat all his competitors.

Example: He travelled to his parents‟ house where he joined the rest of the family.

2. Verbs ending in -ing

Example: He won the first prize beating all his competitors.

Example: He travelled to his parents‟ house joining the rest of the family.

Comparison of Scale (as + adjective + as)

- In English, we can describe whether two people or two things are similar or different by using the following structure: „as + adjective + as‟

Example: He is as brave as a lion.

Example: My mother is as busy as a bee.

Prepositions (at, for, of, in, on, with, by, throughout)

- Most English prepositions have several different functions. At the same time, different prepositions can have very similar uses:

Examples: on Monday / in the morning / at night

- Many nouns, verbs and adjectives are normally used with particular prepositions

Examples: The reason for... / to arrive at... / to be angry with somebody... / on a bus... / soup of the day... / travelled throughout Kuwait... / by car...

EXERCISE

A. Choose the correct answer from a, b, c, and d to complete the following sentences

1. They left their home country ......................... a terrible civil war

a. escaped

 b. have escaped

 c. had escaped

 d. escaping

2. “Your sister is as ......................... as you” said my father

a. smarter

 b. smart

 c. smartest

 d. smartly

3. He said that he wasn‟t responsible ................. what happened to his neighbour.

a. of

 b. at

 c. for

 d. on

4. The minister ended his speech ................. his gratitude and respect to the audience.

a. expresses

 b. expressing

 c. expressed

 d. has expressed

5. “Your computer is as ....................... as my computer” said my friend.

a. new

 b. newly

 c. newer

 d. newest

6. My friend has some difficulty ...................... reading long English words.

a. at

 b. in

 c. on

 d. to

7. The police found that the defendant had no connection .................... the crime.

a. in

b. about

 c. of 

d. with

8. Hamad is as .......................... as Fahad in solving crossword puzzles.

a. slowly

 b. slow

 c. slowest 

d. slower

GRADE: 12 - MODULE 4: ACHIEVEMENTS

UNIT 12: Geniuses

VOCABULARY

TranslationMeaningP.SExpression
 

an award or privilege granted as a special honour or as an acknowledgement of merit

put into correct or appropriate position

a membranous sac in humans and other animals, in which urine is collected for excretion

infinite or unending time

the study of heredity and the variation of inherited characteristics

having exceptional talent or natural ability

of, relating to, or consisting of molecules

the action of proposing or formally entering as a candidate for election or for an honour or award

not requiring the introduction of instruments into the body

a person or thing that receives or is awarded something

a person who systematically investigates materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions

a

adj

n

n

n

adj

adj

n

adj

n

n

accolade

aligned

bladder

eternity

genetics

gifted

molecular

nomination

non-invasive

recipient

researcher

EXERCISE

B. Fill in the spaces with the most suitable words from the list below

(nomination - non-invasive - aligned - recipient - eternity - accolades)

1. ............................The doctor affirmed that the operation would be 

2. The numerous ........................ that he has received show how brave this officer is.

3. He was surprised to know about his .............................. for the new position.

4. ............................Nothing that Man has made will last for 

5. The books were ............................ on the shelves.

LANGUAGE FUNCTIONS

: Write what you would say in the following situations

1. A friend of yours asks you how he can improve his English language.

...................................................................................................

2. Your friend says that mental games are useless.

...................................................................................................

3. Your brother won the first prize in a chess game competition.

...................................................................................................

WRITING AN ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY

Some people believe that geniuses are born with abnormal talents, whereas some others believe that with a good training a person can become genius.

 Plan and write an essay of not less than fourteen sentences (14 sentences) in which you present the two different opinions, their arguments and your own opinion concerning this issue.

OUTLINE

.................................................................................... : Introduction


.................................................................................... : Body 1

.................................................................................... : Body 2

.................................................................................... : Conclusion

Writing

........................................................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................................................

GRADE 12

READING COMPREHENSION (1)

Read the following passage carefully, then answer the questions that follow

When you graduated from tricycle to bicycle as a kid, you probably weren’t thinking too much about the health benefits of biking. But as an adult, cycling becomes a great low-impact exercise that can also take you places, wrapping a hobby, exercise, and commute all in one two-wheel package. Whether you’re flying across the pavement through the fresh air or working up a sweat on a stationary bike in your home, there are many benefits of biking 30 minutes a day.
Exercising on the bike for at least 30 minutes a day will build up your cardiovascular and muscular endurance. By putting in consistent effort, you’ll notice an improvement in your aerobic capacity, enabling you to bike longer or on more intense rides. You might also feel higher energy levels throughout the day, because exercise helps boost your overall stamina.
Getting your heart rate up doesn’t have to be hard on your joints. Opposed to running, cycling gets your cardio done in a low impact way. The pedals and resistance take the pressure off of your knees and hips so you can focus on building muscular strength.
We all know bikes can be a little wobbly as you’re starting and stopping. Riding an outdoor bike helps you gain balance and spatial awareness, and stabilizing the bike can strengthen your arms, core and legs. If you’re working out on a stationary bike, riding out of the saddle helps train the stabilizer muscles in your legs to be strong. Ride in the
saddle with high resistance, and you’ll feel the burn all the way from your core to your calves. You can make your bike ride as leisurely or as intense as you’d like. When using a stationary bike, you can do a high cycling class with moves that work your legs, core, and arms and keep them active and strong all in one 30-minute period. If you’re riding outdoors, you can choose a challenging route that will break a sweat, or you can cruise on flat ground at an even pace and enjoy the scenery. Overall, even though it’s one bike, you can mix it up so every day feels different.

A. From a, b, c and d, choose the correct answer

1. This text is mainly about

a. the negative effects of riding bicycles.

b. the health benefits of biking.

c. the benefits of learning a foreign language.

d. the benefits of visiting museums.

2. The underlined word "stamina" in the 2 nd paragraph is closest in meaning to

a. sleep

b. speed

c. intelligence

d. strength

3. The underlined word "them" in the 5 th paragraph refers to

a. legs, core, and arms.

b. moves.

c. legs.

d. arms.

4. The purpose of the writer is

a. to make people exercise less.

b. to encourage people to bike more.

c. to sell more cars online.

d. to read more books and newspapers.

5.  ? According to the passage, which of the following sentences is NOT TRUE

a. Biking can improve mental and physical heath.

b. Biking improves cardiovascular fitness.

c. Biking causes severe heart diseases.

d. Biking makes the muscles strong.

B. Answer the following questions

6.  ? How can a person build up his cardiovascular and muscular endurance

.........................................................................................................

7.  ? What effects does riding an outdoor bike have on the mind and the body

.........................................................................................................

8.  ? How long should a person ride a bike to become fit and healthy

.........................................................................................................

9.  ? How does cycling benefit the knees

.........................................................................................................

GRADE 12

READING COMPREHENSION (2)

Read the following passage carefully, then answer the questions that follow

Technology has endowed us with lots of gadgets aimed at making life easy. One innovative product is the drone. Drones have numerous uses and applications. You might be probably thinking about wedding photography, well, they are also used in the agricultural industry, real estate, sport and in security surveillance.
Many things have influenced their utilization in these areas. Here are some of the main reasons drones are becoming popular by the day.
Technology and innovations are all about making life easier. As such, drones offer an easy and direct to most some challenges. This has made them very adaptable. Moreover, setting up and operating the drone is simple and direct for anyone. It only takes a couple of minutes before you can have it roaming.
Most people are obsessed with something they can easily pick up and travel with. Photographers in particular are always on the go either on freelancing projects or when working with a client. With a drone, you can keep the worries of carrying huge luggage when you travel because they can be easily carried around. Moreover, drones are ideal if the photographer intends to cover a large area.
With competing manufacturers trying to make a sale, no one can afford to compromise on quality. As such, most drones manufactured today are very reliable and effective. They can help you capture high definition shots from almost anywhere. Moreover, you do not expect them to fall off without passing a warning. In addition, if you are looking for a secretive way of doing some surveillance, drones can help you on that.
The benefits of drones can apply perfectly to wildlife photography. Some
places are inaccessible or dangerous to a photographer. For instance, capturing a volcano or the events in a lion’s den could be impossible without drones because of the dangers they may pose. Areas like these can be studied and monitored easily thanks to these innovative gadgets. Besides photography, they can also be employed when responding to a disaster or a natural calamity. Overall, drones have remarkably added new dimensions to the world of photography as well as many other domains.

A. From a, b, c and d, choose the correct answer

1. This text is mainly about

a. the problems faced by photographers.

b. the advantages of travelling abroad.

c. the advantages of using drones in photography.

d. the use of computers by photographers.

2. The underlined word "freelancing" in the 2 nd paragraph is closest in meaning to

a. taking photographs

b. recording videos

c. working for a company

d. self-employing

3. The underlined word "they" in the 5 th paragraph refers to

a. places.

b. drones.

c. dangers.

d. dimensions.

4. The purpose of the writer is

a. to explain the benefits of using drones in photography.

b. to encourage photographers to sell their cameras.

c. to shed the light on the high prices of drones.

d. to draw attention to the dangers of drones.

5.  ? According to the passage, which of the following sentences is NOT TRUE

a. Drones are ideal gadgets for photographers.

b. Drones are easy to carry and very efficient.

c. Drones are varied and reliable.

d. Drones can put photographers’ lives at risk.

B. Answer the following questions

6. ? According to the passage, in which domains are drones mainly used

.........................................................................................................

7.  ? What advantage does a drone offer to a travelling photographer

.........................................................................................................

8.  ? What are the most important features of a drone

.........................................................................................................

9.  ? Why do drones apply perfectly to wildlife photography

.........................................................................................................
 

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