مذكرة قواعد انجليزي حادي عشر ف2 #أ. محمد السيد 2021 2022
Stative vs. dynamic verbs
أفعال الحركة والسكون
1 - Dynamic verbs: Verbs which refer to actions. We can use them in simple and continuous tenses:
a-l usually drink coffee every morning for breakfast.
b- This morning I am drinking tea.
2- Stative verbs: Verbs which refer to conditions or states. We do not usually use these verbs in continuous tenses. We use stative verbs to express what we think or believe and how we feel.
a- I believe traffic pollution is bad for us. (Not I am believing.........)
b-Do you know where she is? (Not Are you knowing.........)
This is a list of common stative verbs and example sentences:
know We don't know what to do.
realise Do you realise how disappointed I am?
suppose I suppose she's spent all her money.
understand I don't understand much about science.
agree I agree with you.
believe He believes everything he reads in the newspaper.
expect Do you expect to see him tomorrow?
suspect I suspect she's caught my cold
think Do you think things are getting worse?
reckon I reckon to leave at 3 o'clock.
fear I fear the world is becoming a more dangerous place.
hate Some animals hate the rain.
like She likes animals.
love He loves activity holidays.
We can use some thinking / believing verbs in continuous tenses. If we do this their meaning changes: I think we should protect wild animals. (think = believe)
I am thinking about getting a bike. (think = consider)
I expect things will improve. (expect = believe)
I am expecting a letter from my pen friend. (expect = wait for)
- Choose the correct answer from a, b, c and d:
1-Faisal .........................that the world must do something to save Panda.
a- is believing b-was believing C-believes d- is being believed
2 ...........................-1this math lesson.
a-don't understand b-doesn't understand c- not understanding d- not understanding
3-My sisters ..................reading English novels.
a- like b- likes C- are liking d- were liking
5- She ............about her exams now.
a-think b-thinks C- thinking d- is thinking
6- We ..............at the moon then suddenly we saw some strange lights.
a- looking b- are looking C- were looking d-look
Do as required between brackets:
1- "Where will you spend your summer vacation?”
a- My cousin asked me where I spent my summer vacation.
b- My cousin asked me where I would spend my summer vacation.
C-My cousin asked me where I had spent my summer vacation.
2- "Are you doing research on Coronavirus?'
a- The journalist asked the experts if they had been doing research on Coronavirus.
b- The journalist asked the experts if they had done research on Coronavirus.
C- The journalist asked the experts if they were doing research on Coronavirus.
3- " Where did you go yesterday?'
a- My friend wanted to know where I go the day before.
b- My friend wanted to know where I would go the day before.
C- My friend wanted to know where I had gone the day before.
4- "We will test the new vaccine next month.'
a- They said they would test the new vaccine the following month.
b- They said they tested the new vaccine the following month.
C- They said they had tested the new vaccine the following month.
5- The doctor said to me, "Don't eat too much fast food.'
a- The doctor advised me don't eat too much fast food.
b- The doctor advised me not to eat too much fast food.
C- The doctor advised me not to don't eat too much fast food.
6- "I slept only for two hours last night.", He said.
He said.…………………………………………………………........ (Complete)
a- he was sleeping only for two hours last night.
b- he had slept only for two hours the previous night.
C- he has slept only for two hours yesterday.